Use this as a study tool to understand exactly what John is talking about in his prologue  in John 1:1-18

John 1:1-18

1:1-5 John's Introductory Statement
A statement concerning what this story will be about, namely, the ministry of Jesus. The first 5 verses all pertain to what occurs during Jesus' ministry.

1:6-13 The Father Came into the World and Made Himself Known
How the Father came to His people to make Himself known and they rejected Him but those who did not reject him became children of God.

1:14-18 How the Father went about making Himself known
The Father, who no one has ever seen, made himself known through human flesh, namely, the man Jesus Christ who manifested Him. Verse 1:18 is a summary statement concerning how the Father was made known.


John 1:1-5
1:1-5 John's Introductory Statement
A statement concerning what this story will be about, namely, the ministry of Jesus. The first 5 verses all pertain to what occurs during Jesus' ministry.

John 1:1a
"In the beginning.„"
These words refer to a period of time just as they do in Genesis where these words refer to the six days of creation. See Genesis 1:1-2:3.

We know John 1:1a is not referring to the Genesis creation account because verses 4 and 5 do not fit the Genesis creation account but do fit what happened during the ministry of Jesus. For example, compare verse 4 to verse 9 and compare verse 5 to verse 11.

John 1:1a
"In the beginning..."
In John 1:1, the period of time in question is the ministry of Jesus from his baptism by John until his death on the cross. The beginning in question is the ministry Jesus.

Jesus is the author (archégos) of the Christian faith (Hebrews 12:2). He is the beginning (Colossians 1:18); he is where it all began, the "beginning of the creation of God." The ministry of Jesus is where the new creation began, that is, how God the Father reconciled the world to Himself in Christ
(2 Corinthians 5:19; Colossians 1:16-18), how the Father created all things anew in him. For this reason John used Genesis language.


John 1:1a
"In the beginning was the word"

The word in question is the word proclaimed by Jesus during his ministry.
See I John 1:1; Mark 1:1; Luke 1:1-2.
Jesus preached the Good News (Heb. bsr) and this word was proclaimed through that flesh (Heb. bsr). This is how the word came to be flesh. Jesus was the fleshly embodiment of the word of God because he kept the Father's word (8:55).


John 1:1b
"In the beginning was the word and the word was
with God.. "

It is just fine to translate pros as "with" but the connection between John 1:1b, and the word which came to the prophets, is made more clear when you compare the Greek text at John 1:1b to several Greek texts where the word came to be pros a particular prophet in the Old Testament.

Examples: Jeremiah 1:1-2; Ezekiel 1:3; Hosea 1:1; Joel 1:1; Micah 1:1; Zephaniah 1:1; Haggai 1:1; Zechariah 1:1.


John 1:1b
"In the beginning was the word and the word was pros God..."

The word of God came to be pros the prophets of old. Once the word came to be pros the prophets of old, the word was pros the prophet. The prophet then proclaimed the word which was pros him and he made something known to others.

At John 1:1b, this word which was pros God will be proclaimed by God the Father Himself who will make HIMSELF known to the world through Jesus who spoke the words of the Father.


John 1:1b
"In the beginning was the word and the word was pros God and the word was God"

The word was God. The Father proclaimed Himself through the man Jesus and made Himself known to the world.

The Father put HIS words in Jesus' mouth. See Acts 3:22-26; Deut 18:15-18. Jesus' words were not his own (John 14:24; see John 8:58).

Jesus tells us this many times. See John 1:18; 3:34-35; 5:24; 7:16-18; 8:17-18, 26, 28, 47; 12:49-50; 15:15;


John 1:1b
"In the beginning was the word and the word was pros God and the word was God"

The word which will be proclaimed through Jesus was God. The word proclaimed was not only the Father being made known to the world, it was God the Father Himself making Himself known to the world through that flesh named Jesus. To hear Jesus was to hear the Father; to believe Jesus was to believe the Father because the Father spoke through Jesus and the Father did His works through Jesus. In this way, that flesh named Jesus manifested God the Father to the world, the name of the Father, that is, the life of God, light of God, truth of God, and love of God. That flesh came to be the very love of the Father - truly and literally.

John 1:2-4
"In the beginning was the word and the word was with God and the word was God. Houtos was in the beginning with God. Everything that happened did happen through autos and apart from autos not one thing happened that happened. In autos was life and the life was the light of men."

Houtos and autos are really just different forms of the same Greek word and they simply refer back to the word (logos). By themselves, neither of them tell you anything about whether a person is in view. These words are not equivalent to the English words "he" and "him" which do necessarily refer to
a male person. These two Greek words are used to refer to persons and things which are not persons. See John 6:60 for a clear example of houtos, autos, logos referring to the word which Jesus had just spoken, not a person.


John 1:2-4
"In the beginning was the word and the word was with God and the word was God. The word was in the beginning with God. Everything that happened did happen through the word and apart from the word not one thing happened that happened. In the word was life and the life was the light of men."

Because of the facts concerning the actual meaning of these two Greek words, the best way to translate these verses is shown above.

You could translate these words as "the same" (see v. 2 KJV) or "this" but it comes out a bit clumsy in English.


John 1:3
"In the beginning was the word and the word was with God and the word was God. The word was in the beginning with God. Everything that happened did happen through the word and apart from the word not one thing happened that happened. In the word was life and the life was the light of men."

Take careful note how this Greek word is translated in the New Testament. See also Young's Literal Translation. John is referring to everything which came to be, came to pass, everything which
happened, "in the beginning," that is, the ministry of Jesus. God the Father made it all happen through his word just as He always does.
See Isaiah 55:10-11.


John 1:4
"In the beginning was the word and the word was with God and the word was God. The word was in the beginning with God. Everything that happened did happen through the word and apart from the word not one thing happened that happened. In the word was life and the life was the light of men."

Doing God's word is the bread of life (Matthew 4:4).

This is also what John chapter 6 is all about.
See John 4:34; 6:57; 12:50.


John 1:5
"In the beginning was the word and the word was with God and the word was God. The word was in the beginning with God. Everything that happened did happen through the word and apart from the word not one thing happened that happened. In the word was life and the life was the light of men. The light shines in the darkness but the darkness did not accept it."

God the Father is light (I John 1:5) and that light shined into the darkness of Israel through the ministry of the man Jesus (John 8:12). However, those who loved the darkness did not accept Him. See John
3:19-21; 9:5; 11:10; 12:35-36; 44-46. Also see Matthew 5:14.


John 1:1-5 - John's Introductory Statement
"In the beginning was the word and the word was with God and the word was God. The word was in the beginning with God. Everything that happened did happen through the word and apart from the word not one thing happened that happened. In the word was life and the life was the light of men. The light shines in the darkness but the darkness did not accept it."

Here ends John's introductory statement. He will describe these things in detail in the story which follows which is the ministry of Jesus who spoke the Father's words and did the Father's works, and in this way, this flesh, the only begotten declared the Father and made Him known to the world. The word this flesh declared was God.


John 1:1-18
1:1-5 John's Introductory Statement
A statement concerning what this story will be about, namely, the ministry of Jesus. The first 5 verses all pertain to what occurs during Jesus' ministry.

John 1:6-13 The Father Came into the World and Made Himself Known
How the Father came to His people to make Himself known and they rejected Him but those who did not reject him became children of God.

John 1:14-18 How the Father went about making Himself known
The Father, who no one has ever seen, made himself known through human flesh, namely, the man Jesus Christ who manifested Him. Verse John 1:18 is a summary statement concerning how the Father was made known.


John 1:6-13
1:6-13 The Father Came into the World and Made Himself Known
How the Father came to His people to make Himself known and they rejected Him but those who did not reject him became children of God.

John 1:6-13
The light shines in the darkness but the darkness did not accept it.
There came a man sent from God, whose name was John. He came as a witness, to testify about the light, so that all might believe through him. He was not the light, but he came to testify about the light. The true light which enlightens every man was coming into the world. John 1:5-9

Verse 5 turns out to be a transition sentence between his introduction and what follows in verses 6-9.

John 1:6-13
There came a man sent from God, whose name was John.
He came as a witness, to testify about the light, so that all might believe through him. He was not the light, but he came to testify about the light. The true light which enlightens every man was coming into the world. 1:6-9

John the Baptist was sent from (para) God to prepare the way for the God of Israel.


John 1:6-13
There came a man sent from God, whose name was John.
He came as a witness, to testify about the light, so that all might believe through him. He was not the light, but he came to testify about the light. The true light which enlightens every man was coming into the world. John 1:6-9

John the Baptist was sent from (para) God to prepare the way for the God of Israel. God the Father sent Jesus in His name (John 5:43; John 12:13).
So to receive Jesus was to receive God the Father (John 13:20) and God was honored by honoring the one He sent (John 5:23). God anointed Jesus with His Spirit to do His will and finish His work (John 4:34; Luke 4:18; Acts 10:39) and God Himself did the mighty works through Jesus (Acts 2:22).

John 1:6-13
There came a man sent from God, whose name was John.
Hecame as a witness, to testify about the light, so that all might believe through him. He was not the light, but he came to testify about the light. The true light which enlightens every man was coming into theworld. John 1:6-9

John the Baptist was sent from (para) God to
prepare the way for the God of Israel. God the Father sent Jesus in His name (John 5:43; John 12:13). So to receive Jesus was to receive God the Father (John 13:20) and God was honored by honoring the one He sent (John 5:23). God anointed Jesus with His Spirit to do His will and finish His work (John 4:34; Luke 4:18; Acts 10:39) and God Himself did the mighty works through Jesus (Acts 2:22).


John 1:6-13
There came a man sent from God, whose name was John. He came as a witness, to testify about the light, so that all might believe through him. He was not the light, but he came to testify about the light. The true light which enlightens every man was coming into the world.
John 1:6-9

John the Baptist testified to the light which was about to arrive. Because he was filled with the Spirit of God, John was a light (John 5:35) but he was not this light. John was a light which testified about another light. John testified to a light which was not yet in the world but was soon coming into the world.

John 1:6-13
There came a man sent from God, whose name was John. He came as a witness, to testify about the light, so that all might believe through him. He was not the light, but he came to testify about the light. The true light which enlightens every man was coming into the world.
John 1:6-9 God the Father is light. I John 1:5.

Human flesh will shine this light into the world through the things the Father said and the things the Father did through Jesus. John 8:12.


John 1:6-13
There came a man sent from God, whose name was John. He came as a witness, to testify about the light, so that all might believe through him. He was not the light, but he came to testify about the light. The true light which enlightens every man was coming into the world. He was in the world and the
world came to be through Him but the world did not know Him. John 1:6-10

The true light, God the Father, was in the world because He came into the world. See John 12:35-36, 44-45.

Jesus was not alone. John 8:16, 29; 14:10; 16:32.
See also Luke 1:68; 7:16; Acts 2:22.


John 1:6-13
There came a man sent from God, whose name was John. He came as a witness, to testify about the light, so that all might believe through him. He was not the light, but he came to testify about the light. The true light which enlightens every man was coming into the world. He was in the world and the world came to be through Him but the world did not know Him. John 1:6-10

The world came to be through the Father.

See also Hebrews 2:10; Romans 11:36.


John 1:6-13
There came a man sent from God, whose name was John. He came as a witness, to testify about the light, so that all might believe through him. He was not the light, but he came to testify about the light. The true light which enlightens every man was coming into the world. He was in the world and the world came to be through Him but the world did not know Him. John 1:6-10

The Father was in the world but the world did not know Him.

See John 8:19; 14:7; 15:21; 16:3; 17:25; 1 John 3:1.


John 1:6-13
The true light which enlightens every man was coming into the world. He was in the world and the world came to be through Him but the world did not know Him. He came to His own, and those who were His own did not receive Him. John 1:9-11

The Father came to His own possession, the people of Israel.

See Exodus 19:5; Deut 4:20; 7:6; 14:2; 26:18; 2 Samuel 7:24; 1
Chronicles 17:22; Psalm 135:4.
See again Luke 1:68; 7:16


John 1:6-13

The true light which enlightens every man was coming into the world. He was in the world and the world came to be through Him but the world did not know Him. He came to His own, and those who were His own did not receive Him. 1:9-11

The Father came to His own possession, the people of Israel.

But most of them rejected their God and Father. The Light shined in the darkness but the darkness did not accept it. To receive Jesus was to receive the Father (John 13:20) but they did not receive either Jesus or the Father. Instead they killed Jesus who the Father sent rejecting the Father who spoke to them through him.


John 1:6-13

He came to His own, and those who were His own did not receive Him. But those who did receive Him, to them He gave the authority to become children of God, even to those who believe in His name, who were born, not of blood nor of the will of the flesh nor of the will of man, but of God. John 1:11-13

But some did receive Him such as Jesus' disciples who received Jesus thereby receiving and honoring the Father. The world did not know the Father but the disciples did know the Father (John 14:7) and knowing the Father is eternal life (John 17:3). Jesus teaches them they knew the Father and had seen the Father (John 12:44-45; 14:9) whom no one has ever seen (1:18) because to see that flesh Jesus at work was to also see the Father (14:9-10). For this reason, Thomas said to Jesus, "My Lord and my God" confessing the truth that he had seen the Father because he had seen the risen Jesus.


John 1:6-13
He came to His own, and those who were His own did not receive Him.  But those who did receive Him, to them He gave the authority to become children of God, even to those who
believe in His
name, who were born, not of blood nor of the will of the flesh nor of the will of man, but of God. John1:11-13

Jesus made the Father's name known to the disciples (John 17:6, 26), the name which the Father gave to Jesus (John 17:11-12). So to believe in the name of Jesus was to believe in the name of God the Father (John 12:44- 45; cf. 5:24). And such as these were born of God

See also 3 John 1:7.


John 1:6-13
He came to His own, and those who were His own did not receive Him. But those who did receive Him, to them He gave the authority to become children of God, even to those who believe in His name, who were born, not of blood nor of the will of the flesh nor of the will of man, but of God. John 1:11-13

Here ends the second section of John's Prologue. Having described how the Father came into the world (which he will discuss in detail in the Gospel story which follows the prologue), John will now introduce how the Father managed to do this and make Himself known - by means of an only begotten son, human flesh named Jesus of Nazareth.


John 1:1-18
1:1-5 John's Introductory Statement
A statement concerning what this story will be about, namely, the ministry of Jesus. The first 5 verses all pertain to what occurs during Jesus' ministry.

John 1:6-13 The Father Came into the World and Made Himself Known
How the Father came to His people to make Himself known and they rejected Him but those who did not reject him became children of God.

John 1:14-18 How the Father went about making Himself known
The Father, who no one has ever seen, made himself known through human flesh, namely, the man Jesus Christ who manifested Him. Verse 1:18 is a summary statement concerning how the Father was made known.

John 1:1-18
1:14-18 How the Father went about making Himself known
The Father, who no one has ever seen, made Himself known through human flesh, namely, the man Jesus Christ who manifested Him. Verse 1:18 is a summary statement concerning how the Father was
made known.

John 1:14-18
And the word became flesh, and dwelt among us, and we saw His glory, glory as of an only begotten para the Father, full of grace and truth. 1:14

John 1:14-18
And the word became flesh, and dwelt (made His tent) among us, and we saw His glory, glory as of an only begotten para the Father, full of grace and truth.

This is very interesting.....


John 1:14-18

And the word became flesh, and dwelt (made His tent) among us, and we saw His glory, glory as of an only begotten para the Father, full of grace and truth.

This is very interesting.....

Hebrew verb bsr         Good News
Hebrew noun bsr        Flesh

John 1:14-18
And the word became flesh, and dwelt* among us, and we saw His glory, glory as of an only begotten para the Father, full of grace and truth.

*lit. "tented" to set up a tent as a dwelling.


John 1:14-18

And the word became flesh, and dwelt* among us, and we saw His glory, glory as of an only begotten para the Father, full of grace and truth.

"tabernacled", lit. "tented" to set up a tent as a dwelling.

The word was God, that is, the word was God the Father who proclaimed Himself through human flesh. This is why you saw the Father when you saw that flesh Jesus. God the Father made His dwelling in human flesh, Jesus, "the Father abiding in me" (John 14:10), that is, the Father made His home in the man Jesus. Jesus had become the temple of the Father. See John 2:19.
Jesus was the embodiment of the word because the word was God and God the Father abided in Jesus, made his home in Jesus, set up his tent in Jesus.


John 1:14-18

And the word became flesh, and dwelt among us, and we saw His glory, glory as of an only begotten
para the Father, full of grace and truth.

They saw the Father's glory in terms of  the glory they saw in that flesh Jesus doing mighty signs in the land of Israel. God the Father did the works by means of this man Jesus, through that flesh (Acts 2:22). These works glorified the Father because the Father did them through Jesus. To see Jesus' glory was to see the glory of the Father who did these things through him, the glory He gave Jesus. Jesus did these things para the Father.

See John 2:11; 5:44; 7:18; 8:54; 11:40; 12:28; 13:31; 14:13; 17:1,4,22,24.


John 1:14-18

And the word became flesh, and dwelt among us, and we saw His glory, glory as of an only begotten para the Father, full of grace and truth. John testified about him and cried out, saying, "This was he of whom I said, 'He who comes after me surpasses me because he has priority over me.'
John 1:14-15

This verse is often mistranslated by Trinitarian translators to spin it into a pre-existence verse. However, verse 30 restates the same words except here John indicates he is referring to a human being. Human beings do not pre-exist themselves.

The sense of this verse is stated at John 3:28, "He must increase but I must decrease."


John 1:14-18

And the word became flesh, and dwelt among us, and we saw His glory, glory as of an only begotten para the Father, full of grace and truth. John testified about him and cried out, saying, "This was he
of whom I said, 'He who comes after me surpasses me because he has priority over me.' For of his fullness we have all received, and grace upon grace. For of his fullness we have all received, and grace upon grace. For the Law was given through Moses; grace and truth came to be through Jesus Christ. John 1:14-16

Notice that Jesus is not introduced in John's Gospel until verse 17. In verse 14, we learn that the Father made his tent in his only begotten but we do not know who this person is until verse 17. And here we also find how important he is. God gave His Law through Moses but God gave His grace and truth through the man Jesus Christ.


John 1:14-18
And the word became flesh, and dwelt among us, and we saw His glory, glory as of an only begotten para the Father, full of grace and truth. John testified about him and cried out, saying, "This was he
of whom I said, 'He who comes after me surpasses me because he has priority over me.' For of his fullness we have all received, and grace upon grace. For of his fullness we have all received, and grace upon grace. For the Law was given through Moses; grace and truth came to be through Jesus Christ. No one has ever seen God, the only begotten son in the bosom of the Father, he declares him. John 1:14-18

This is John's summary statement to his Prologue and it is what he has been aiming at throughout the first 17 verses. God the Father made himself known through that flesh named Jesus, God's human son.


John 1:14-18

And the word became flesh, and dwelt among us, and we saw His glory, glory as of an only begotten para the Father, full of grace and truth. John testified about him and cried out, saying, "This was he
of whom I said, 'He who comes after me surpasses me because he has priority over me.' For of his fullness we have all received, and grace upon grace. For of his fullness we have all received, and grace upon grace. For the Law was given through Moses; grace and truth came to be through Jesus Christ. No one has ever seen God, the only begotten son in the bosom of the Father, he declares him. John 1:14-18

Chew on that.


John said all that more succinctly here
And we know that the son of
God has come and has given us understanding so that we may know Him who is True and we are in Him who is True, in His son Jesus Christ. This is the True God and eternal life. Little children, keep yourselves from idols. 1 John 5:20.

The God which the man Jesus revealed to us is the only true God and to know Him is eternal life.
Any other God is an idol.

Like the Trinity idol.


There is one God and the only God is Jesus Christ's God. There is no God but his God.

JOHN 1:1-18 COMMENTARY - A SHORT STUDY OF JOHN'S PROLOGUE.

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